Development, Strabismus, and Amblyopia (SAC33402)
Normal and abnormal visual development, from the basic underlying principles and supporting science to the diagnosis and management of clinical conditions resulting from abnormal development such as strabismus and amblyopia, are presented. Basic topics include the development of refractive errors; the normal and abnormal development of the neural visual system in animals; the effects of monocular eye closure, strabismus, anisometropia and astigmatism on the development of the visual system and visual behavior; the critical period for neural flexibility; the testing of vision in human infants; and research on the nature of vision in amblyopia and binocular vision loss. The course then takes a more clinical turn, as it provides the student with an organized approach to the clinical evaluation and management of a patient with strabismus and/or amblyopia. Discussions focus on natural history, etiology, signs and symptoms, related characteristics, significance and practical management of amblyopia, esotropia, exotropia, and noncomitant strabismus. There is special emphasis on the clinical decisions and procedures needed to recognize functional versus pathological etiologies with a laboratory component, setting the stage for discussion and hands-on experience with relevant diagnostic and treatment procedures.